"Landmark projects by artist Patricia Johanson mark a new beginning in waste landscape history.... Johanson designed "GARDEN CITIES: TURTLE MOUND", a 1969 design proposal to reclaim a garbage dump as a park in the form of a turtle. It included intimate spaces for people and wildlife. The project, commissioned by the magazine HOUSE AND GARDEN, was not built but has been influential on waste-related site design. Another 1969 concept by Johanson, "GARBAGE GARDEN", proposed to create growing and changing sculptural earthwork gardens out of organic waste at roadsides, vacant lots, rooftops, and apartment terraces...."
© Mira Engler, "Waste Landscapes: Permissible Metaphors in Landscape Architecture", LANDSCAPE JOURNAL, Spring, 1995